Automation Testing Tutorial: What is Automation Testing?
What exactly is meant by “Automation Testing”?
The term “automation testing” refers to a method of software testing that is carried out with the assistance of specialised automated testing software tools in order to carry out a test case suite. On the other hand, manual testing is carried out by a human being who is seated in front of a computer and painstakingly goes through each stage of the testing process.
Additionally, the software for automation testing is able to insert test data into the System Under Test (SUT), compare predicted outcomes to actual results, and generate complete test reports. The automation of software testing typically calls for significant financial and resource commitments.
Execution of the same test suite will need to take place multiple times over successive development cycles. It is feasible to record this test suite using an automated tool for testing, and then re-play it whenever it is necessary. After the test suite has been automated, there is no longer any need for human interaction. This increased the Test Automation’s Return on Investment. The purpose of test automation is not to completely do away with manual testing but rather to cut down on the amount of test cases that need to be executed by hand.
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You will study the fundamentals of test automation during this automated software testing video, including:
Why Test Automation?
The most successful method for increasing the efficiency, test coverage, and execution speed of software testing is through the use of test automation. The following are some of the reasons why testing software automatically is so important:
Manual The testing of all workflows, all fields, and all possible negative scenarios requires a lot of time and money.
It is tough to manually test for sites that support several languages.
The use of test automation in software testing does not demand the participation of humans. You can conduct automatic test unattended (overnight)
The pace at which tests are executed can be increased thanks to test automation.
Automation helps to enhance the amount of testing that is performed.
Manual Testing has the potential to become tedious, and as a result, error-prone.
Which Examples of the Test Should Be Automated?
In order to maximise the level of automation achieved, the following criteria might be applied to the selection of test cases to be automated: ROI
Which Test Cases to Automate?
Test scenarios with a High Potential for Damage to the Company
Cases of testing that are run again and over again
Cases of testing that are extremely laborious or challenging to carry out manually
Cases of testing that take up a lot of time.
The following group of test scenarios does not lend themselves well to automation:
Test cases that have recently been designed but have not yet been run manually at least once Test cases for which the requirements are in a state of constant flux Test cases that are run on an ad hoc basis
Automated Testing Process:
In order to complete an Automation Process, the following procedures are carried out.
1) Choosing an Appropriate Testing Instrument
Step 2: Establish the boundaries of the Automation
Planning, design, and development constitute the third step.
Step 4) Test Execution
Fifth Step: Performing Maintenance
Test tool selection
The Process of Test Automation The Selection of Test Tools
The selection of the Test Tool is heavily influenced by the technology that the Application Under Test is constructed on. For example, QTP does not have support for the Informatica database. Therefore, testing apps developed using Informatica cannot be done with QTP. It is highly recommended that a Proof of Concept of Tool be carried out on AUT.
Define the scope of Automation
The part of your Application Under Test that will be subjected to automation is referred to as the “scope of automation.” The following factors can be helpful in determining scope:
The aspects of the product or service that are essential to the success of the company
Scenarios that contain a substantial quantity of information
Functionalities shared between different applications
Availability in terms of technology
The degree to which different parts of a business are employed over and over again
The level of difficulty of the test scenarios
The capability to use the same test scenarios when testing on different browsers
Planning, Design, and Development
During this stage, you will develop an automation strategy and plan, which will include the following information:
Planning, Design, and Development
The automation tools that were chosen
The design of the framework and the features it possesses
Items of automation that fall within and do not fall within the scope of this project Automation testbed preparation
Plan and timetable for the writing and performance of the screenplay
Products to be Obtained from Automated Testing
Test Execution Automation Scripts are run during this phase of the process. Before the scripts can be executed, they require test data to be supplied into them. After being put through their paces, they produce comprehensive test reports.
Execution can be carried out either by directly using the automation tool or by employing the Test Management tool, which will then call upon the automation tool to carry out the execution.
For instance, Quality Center is the Test Management tool, and it will ultimately call upon QTP to carry out the automation scripts that have been created. Scripts have the ability to be run on a single system or across multiple machines at the same time. In order to make the most efficient use of time, the execution may take place during the night.
Test Automation Maintenance Approach The Test Automation Maintenance Approach is a phase of automation testing that checks to see if the newly introduced features of the software are operating correctly or not. When new automation scripts are added, there is a need for the existing automation scripts to be reviewed and maintained. This is done in order to improve the efficiency of the automation scripts with each new release cycle. Maintenance in automation testing is carried out when new automation scripts are added.
A Plan for Computerized Automation
A set of automation guidelines that contribute to the creation of a framework.
Keeping the same level of testing consistency
Enhances the structure of the tests Reduces the amount of code used and required maintenance
It is possible for non-technical testers to participate in code.
It is possible to cut down on the amount of time spent learning how to use the tool.
Involves Data whenever and wherever it is appropriate
In the field of automation software testing, there are four primary categories of frameworks:
Framework for Automation
framework for automated processes
Data Driven Automation Framework Keyword Driven Automation Framework Modular Automation Framework Hybrid Automation Framework Automation Tool Best Practices Data Driven Automation Framework Keyword Driven Automation Framework Keyword Driven Automation Framework
Consider the following in order to maximise your return on investment from automation:
Automation Tool Best Practices
Before beginning work on the project, it is necessary to make an in-depth analysis of the extent of the Automation undertaking. This ensures that expectations regarding Automation are realistic.
Choose the appropriate tool for automation. The choice of a tool should not be based on how popular it is; rather, it should be appropriate for the automation requirements.
Pick an acceptable organisational structure.
Scripting Standards: When writing scripts for automation, certain standards need to be observed at all times. There are several of them that-
Make sure that the scripts, comments, and indentation of the code are all consistent. Ensure that adequate exception handling is performed. this refers to how errors are dealt with in the event of a system failure or unexpected behaviour from the application.
It is important for testers to be able to interpret user-defined messages, hence these messages should be written or standardised.
Measure metrics – The success of automation cannot be judged by contrasting the amount of effort that was put in manually with the amount that was put in automatically; rather, success must be measured by capturing the following metrics.
The percentage of errors that were identified.
The amount of time that must be spent on automation testing for each and every release cycle.
Minimal There is a delay in the dissemination of the Customer Satisfaction Index.
Increase in overall productivity
If you adhere to the criteria outlined above, it will be much easier for you to achieve success with your automation.
Benefits of Automation Testing
The Advantages of Using Automation for Testing
The Advantages of Automated Testing
The Advantages of Using Automation for Testing
The following are the advantages of using test automation:
70 percent more quickly than the testing that was done manually
a more comprehensive examination of the application’s features
Reliable in results
Helps You Save Money While Improving Your Accuracy
There is no need for human intervention during the process of execution.
Boosts Productivity and Efficiency
Increased velocity throughout the testing process
Re-usable test scripts
Types of Automated Testing
Test On a regular basis and extensively
Automation allows for the possibility of achieving a greater cycle of execution.
Quick entry into the market
Different Variations of Automated Testing
Testing for Smoke, Units, and Integration, and Other Forms of Testing
Evaluation of Functionality
Testing, with a focus on Regression Testing
Data Driven Testing
The Testing of a Black Box
How to Select the Appropriate Automation Tool
Finding the appropriate instrument to use can be a challenging endeavour. The criteria listed below will assist you in selecting the most appropriate tool for your needs:
How to Choose an Automation Tool?
Ease of operation
Database Object identification Testing Image Testing Error Recovery Testing Putting Object Mapping to the Test
Language for Scripting That Is Employed
Support for a wide variety of tests, including functional, test management, mobile, and so on and so forth…
Provision of support for a number of different testing frameworks
The scripts for the automation programme are simple to debug.
Capability of identifying items in any setting Extensive test reports and results
Reduce the amount of money spent on training for certain tools as much as possible.
Before moving further with automation, one of the most significant hurdles that must be overcome is tool selection. First, you should determine what the requirements are, then investigate several tools and the capabilities they offer, determine what you want from the tool, and then proceed with a proof of concept.