MariaDB vs MySQL: What is the Difference Between MariaDB and MySQL
MariaDB is a database management system that originated as a fork of MySQL. The RDBMS provides data processing capabilities that can be utilised for either small or enterprise-level projects.
This database management system is an enhanced version of MySQL. You won’t be able to find many of the usability, security, and performance enhancements that are included in this product in MySQL. It comes with a large number of built-in powerful features.
What is MySQL?
MySQL was one of the first open-source databases to be made available to the public and was developed in the middle of the 1990s. These days, there are many different variations and alternatives to MySQL. However, the variations between the variants are not noteworthy because they employ the same syntax, and the fundamental functionality is also unchanged.
MySQL is a relational database management system (RDBMS) that can assist you in maintaining order inside a database’s data. On top of a Linux distribution, it is utilised with the PHP and Apache Web Server combo. Specifically, it is used to create dynamic websites. To query the database, MySQL employs the SQL programming language.
MariaDB vs. MySQL
Here is the major difference between MariaDB and MySQL:
|Storage Engines||MariaDB has 12 new storage engines that you won’t find in MySQL.||It has fewer options for storage compared to MariaDB.|
|Speed Improvements||MariaDB shows an improved speed when compared to MySQL.||MySQL exhibits a slower speed when compared to MariaDB.|
|Server operating systems||FreeBSD
|Faster cache/indexes||With the Memory storage engine of MariaDB, an INSERT statement can be completed 24% faster than in the standard MySQL.||The memory storage engine of MySQL is slower compared to that MariaDB.|
|Larger and Faster Connection Pool||MariaDB comes with an advanced thread pool capable of running faster and supporting up to 200,000+ connections.||The thread pool provided by MySQL cannot support up to 200,000 connections per time.|
|Improved Replication||In MariaDB, replication can be done safer and faster. Updates can also be done 2x faster compared to the traditional MySQL.||MySQL’s community edition allows a static number of threads to be connected. MySQL’s enterprise plan comes with thread capabilities.|
|New Features/Extensions||MariaDB comes with new features and extensions including the JSON, WITH and KILL statements.||The new MariaDB features are not provided in MySQL.|
|Missing Features||MariaDB lacks some of the features provided by the MySQL enterprise edition. To address this, it offers alternative open-source plugins.||The Enterprise Edition of MySQL uses a proprietary code. Only users of MySQL Enterprise Edition have access to this.|
|Priority code||MariaDB doesn’t allow access to this propriety content and is a closed source.||MySQL uses some proprietary code in its Enterprise Edition.|
|Routing||MariaDB MaxScale||Mysql Router|
|Secondary database model||Document store and Graph DBMS||Document store|
|Git hub stars||2.8 k||4k|
|Famous companies using||Nrise, Accenture, Docplanner, Grooveshark.||Airbnb, Uber Technogloeis, Netflix, Dropbox.|
Why use Maria DB?
MariaDB vs. MySQL, According to Google Trends
The advantages and advantages of utilising Maria DB are listed here.
It is governed by the GPL, BSD, or LGPL licences respectively.
MariaDB offers support for a querying language that is widely used and widely accepted.
It is included with a large number of storage engines, some of which are high-performance variants that are compatible with a variety of other relational database management systems.
It is equipped with the cutting-edge Galera cluster technology.
PHP is a common language used for developing websites, and MariaDB supports it.
Questions Collected From Stack Exchange Maria vs MySQL
On the market nowadays, one can choose from a few different relational database management systems. One could wonder why we would use MySQL as our database management system rather than one of the other options. The response to this question is going to be contingent on a number of different things.
In contrast to other systems, such as SQL server, which only support a single storage engine, MySQL is capable of supporting numerous storage engines, each of which has its own set of requirements.
When compared to other relational database systems, MySQL’s performance is quite impressive. This is because its design is quite straightforward, and it provides support for a variety of storage engines.
A brief history of MariaDB 5.1, which was made available to the public by the MariaDB Foundation in February and November of 2010. February 2012’s MariaDB 5.3 release MariaDB 5.5 April 2012 MariaDB Galera Cluster
MariaDB 10.0.10 (March 2014) (March 2014)
MariaDB 10.1.8 (October 2015)
Maria DB 10.2: 8 April 2016
Maria DB 10.3: 16 April 2017
Maria DB 10.4 was released on November 9, 2018.
The 3. December 2019 release of Maria DB 10.5
Maria DB 10.6: 26 April 2021
History of MariaDB
On May 23, 1995, the first version of MYSQL intended for internal distribution was made available.
3.20: Released in January of 1997
1998 saw the release of a Windows-compatible version, which was compatible with Windows 95 and NT.
Beta testing for version 3.23 began in June 2000; beta testing for version 4.0 began in August 2002
Beta version 4.01 dating back to August 2003
Version 4.1: beta dated June 2004
Since March 2005, version 5.0 has been in beta.
Purchased by Sun in the year 2008
Version 5.1: 14 November 2008
In 2010, Oracle Corporation completed the acquisition of Sun Microsystems, Inc.
Version 5.5: 3 December 2010 Version 5.6: 5 February 2013
Version 5.7: 21 October 2015
Version 8.0: 19 April 2018
Maria DB’s Capabilities in Detail
History of MySQL
Provides Support for Previous Versions
Free and Public Domain Software
The MySQL Community Version New Storage Engine (PBXT, XtraDB, Maria, and FederatedX) Percona Server is the foundation on which it is built (Based on MySQL Server, Other MySQL Fork Version)
MySQL has several features.
The following is a list of major MySQL features.
Features of Maria DB
Scalability and adaptability go hand in together.
Powerful Assistance With Transactions
Strengths on the Web and in Data Warehouses
Disadvantages of MySQL
The following are some disadvantages and drawbacks to using MySQL:
It is difficult to ascend.
Since Oracle is the owner, there are several limitations placed upon it.
MYSQL is not the best option for managing massive amounts of data.
Client apps are unable to detect its presence.
There is a risk that triggers will cause the database server to become overloaded.
Disadvantages of MariaDB
Because the engine is still in its infancy, there is no assurance that it will receive any additional modifications or releases in the near future.
You will need to pay for support, just like with the majority of other free database engines.