How Does SSL Encryption Work? – Before We Get Into The Topic , let’s Learn Some Basic Of This Topic
How Does SSL Work?
As more businesses and organizations offer online services and transactions, internet security becomes both a goal and a requirement of those transactions to ensure that sensitive information – such as a credit card number – is only sent to reputable online firms.
Companies and organizations must add SSL certificates to their websites to enable secure online transactions to keep client information private and secure.
What are SSL Certificates and Why do I Need Them?
SSL certificates are an important part of the data encryption process that ensures the security of online transactions. They’re digital passports that protect the secrecy and integrity of website communication with browsers by providing authentication.
The secure sockets layer (SSL) protocol is used by the SSL certificate to establish secure connections with the user’s browser. The SSL certificate, which digitally binds company information to a cryptographic key, is required to establish this secure connection.
Any business that conducts eCommerce must have an SSL certificate installed on its webserver to protect consumer and company information as well as financial transactions.
How Does SSL Encryption Work?
A browser or server tries to connect to an SSL-secured website (i.e. a web server). The web server is asked to identify itself by the browser/server.
The web server delivers a copy of its SSL certificate to the browser/server.
The browser/server determines whether or not the SSL certificate is trusted. If this is the case, a message is sent to the webserver.
To begin an SSL encrypted session, the webserver responds with a digitally signed acknowledgment.
The browser/server and the webserver both share encrypted data.
Using SSL certificates has numerous advantages. SSL customers can, for example:
- Use HTTPS, which gives you a higher Google rating.
- Create a more secure environment for your consumers.
- Improve conversions by increasing client confidence.
- Both consumer and internal data should be protected.
- Encrypt communication between the browser and the server.
- Make your mobile and cloud apps more secure.
Types of SSL/TLS Certificates
Organizations that want to provide their online clients with strong encryption technology and identity assurance commonly utilize Extended Validation (EV) and Organization Validated (OV) certificates. Encryption ensures that sensitive information such as credit card numbers and passwords cannot be stolen while being sent. Identity assurance allows website visitors to verify that the site they are visiting is real. The price differences reflect the amount of verification checking that goes into the various certificate kinds. The greater scrutiny, especially for EV and OV certificates, is what drives up the cost of these high assurance certificates.
Extended Validation (EV) Certificates
Most internet users choose EV certificates because they feature the most thorough verification tests, such as domain verification and crosschecks that link the company to a specific physical address. This sort of verification produces a detailed paper trail that gives clients recourse if they are a victim of fraud while purchasing on the website. In most major browsers, an EV certificate is identified by a locked padlock, organization name, and sometimes the nation ID in the web address bar.
Organization Validated (OV) Certificates
In the case of OV certificates, the organization is validated in addition to domain ownership, and the certificate data can be viewed in most major web browsers, allowing internet users to judge whether the site they’re on is real.
Domain Validated (DV) Certificates
A website protected by a DV certificate displays simply a locked padlock in the URL bar, but no organization details because none exist. These certificates merely verify domain ownership; they can be obtained anonymously and do not connect a domain to a person, location, or thing. As a result, numerous websites that use DV certificates are associated with fraudulent behavior.