Cognos Tutorial: What is IBM Cognos Analytics Reporting Tool?

What exactly is Cognos?
IBM Web-based reporting and analytics are made possible by the use of Cognos, a business intelligence tool. This corporate software provides a variety of capabilities for doing data aggregation and creating informative reports that are easy to understand. Cognos also provides the ability to export reports in XML or PDF format, as well as the ability to browse reports in XML format.

History of Cognos BI

Year Milestone
1969 Cognos software was founded by Alan Rushforth and Peter Glenister.
1979 It began as a consulting firm for the Canadian Government and offered its first software product, QUIZ.
1982 Originally Quasar Systems Limited, it adopted the name Cognos in the year
1982 Cognos name is derived from a fragment scissor off the Latin word “cognosco. It means “knowledge from personal experience.”
1995 Ron Zambonini was appointed as a CEO of and Cognos.
2007 IBM formally announced its acquisition of Cognos for the sum of $4.9 billion.
2009 From 2009, the software is called “Cognos Bl and Financial Performance Management” or Cognos Bl and FPM.
2010 Cognos acquired SPSS were brought together to create the Business Analytics division.
2015 The IBM Insight conference in Las Vegas, announced a redesigned version 11 and upgraded from Cognos BI software and renamed it Cognos Analytics.
2018 Cognos Analytics Released version 12
2021 Release 11.0.13 version with new installation process.

In this IBM Cognos lesson for beginners, you will learn the fundamentals of Cognos, such as:

Features of IBM Cognos

The following are some of the most significant characteristics of Cognos.

Provides in-memory streaming analytics capabilities
Event notifications, alerts, and other notifications are delivered in real time.
It is intuitive and inviting. Web 2.0 is the user interface.
Interaction that is personalised and progressive
Drag-and-drop, free-form assembly, and search-assisted authoring are some of the features available.
External data is accessed through a wizard.
Access to SAP BW queries is provided automatically.
Features such as scenario modelling, real-time monitoring, and predictive analytics are made possible.
Existing data can be edited by users.
Drill-through capability is available.
Integration of Image Documentation is a possibility.
It is platform-independent, scalable, and reliable in all circumstances.
Because it is protected by a firewall, it provides secure data.

Component in Cognos

The following are the various components of Cognos analytics that we will learn about in this tutorial:

The following are the most critical elements of the Cognos software:

A web portal that provides access to Cognos 10 and studios, Cognos Connection is a web-based application that allows users to collaborate on projects. In accordance with your allocated function, you can use this component to retrieve and see company reports and scoreboards, as well as manage and arrange the agents who work for those organisations.

Cognos Connection is also used by the Administrator to set up roles and permissions for users, as well as to manage the Cognos Connection’s content.

Business Insight from Cognos
Users using Cognos Business Insight can design their own dashboards by utilising any object in the system. All content that the user has been granted permission to view will be shown to him or her as an object. This can be used in your workspace to build a dashboard that is completely customised.

Cognos Query Studio: Cognos Query Studio is a tool that assists business users in obtaining quick responses to business-related inquiries. It assists firms in better understanding the needs of their products, customers, and other stakeholders. They may also respond more swiftly and keep one step ahead of the competition as a result.

Cognos Analysis Studio: Cognos Analysis Studio assists firms in identifying and concentrating on issues that are vital to the organisation. It also assists in understanding the most recent trends, comparing data, and evaluating business performance in order to do multidimensional analysis.

Cognos Business Insight Advanced: Cognos Business Insight Advanced is a more advanced version of Cognos Business Insight. Cognos 10 has a new module called Advanced, which is a feature of the software. It is a combination of the Cognos query studio and the Cognos Analysis Studio software. It provides a powerful authoring environment for business professionals.

With the Cognos reporting tool, you can build pixel-perfect reports for your organisation. Cognos Report Studio: Use relational or multidimensional data sources to build graphs, maps, lists, and any other report type that is currently supported by Microsoft Excel 2010.

Cognos Event Studio: This tool enables you to designate a certain event to a specific stakeholder in your organisation, and the notice is sent to that stakeholder. You can design agents that will alert you to events and thresholds as they occur. Consequently, when an event occurs or a threshold is reached, the agent sends a notification to the user.

Cognos Metric Studio: By creating a scorecard environment, Cognos Metric Studio allows you to monitor and evaluate business metrics within your organisation. It also assists you in establishing criteria and then monitoring your organisation to see how it responds to the changes in the criteria as they are implemented.

The Cognos Installation and Configuration Guide

This Cognos tool tutorial will teach you how to download and install Cognos software, which includes the following steps:

Step 1: Navigate to the Cognos Analytics link.
Cognos analytics can be found at the following link:

Step 2) Select “start your free trial” from the drop-down menu.
On the Home screen, click the “Start your free trial” button to get started.

Begin your risk-free trial today.
Step 3) Create an account with us.
Fill out the registration form provided below to become a member.

Make a registration for yourself.
Make a registration for yourself.
Step 4) Press the “Continue” button.
At the bottom of the screen, click on the “Proceed button” to continue.

To proceed, click on the proceed button.
Step 5) Verification of the code
Enter the code that you received in your Inbox and click on the Verify button to complete the process.

Verify your information by clicking on the Verify button.
Step 6) The Cognos installation has been completed.
“Welcome to IBM Cognos Analytics” will appear on your screen when you first boot up.

Forms of Cognos Reporting Tool The following are the most essential types of Cognos reporting tool:

Cognos Content Store is a collection of database tables that are used by the Content Manager to store application data for the Cognos platform.

It is possible to control the storage and retrieval of report specifications, configuration data, and published packages from the content store database with the help of the Cognos manager.

A self-contained database server, the Cognos Content Database, is used to host the content store database in demo situations when the enterprise DMBS server is not accessible.

Other significant business intelligence (BI) vendors
Business Objects are a type of object that is used in business ( Owned by SAP )
Focus and WebFocus are two information-building tools.
The Microsoft SSRS, SSIS, and SSAS products, as well as MicroStrategy

QlikTech – QlikView SAS is a software application developed by QlikTech.

How to Download and Install Cognos

The following are some of the advantages and disadvantages of utilising Cognos software:

You can upload files that are Cognos-enabled and publish them to the secure BI site.
Cognos BI delivers an infinity of workspaces to accommodate the various ways individuals think and operate.
It provides a single architecture for a variety of business intelligence functions such as query and reporting, analysis, and score carding.
View, assemble, and personalise information quickly and easily.
Aids you in the analysis of facts and the anticipation of tactical and strategic ramifications
The ability to collaborate in order to build decision networks in order to share insights and progress towards collective intelligence.
Transparency and accountability are provided in order to promote alignment and consensus.
It assists you in communicating and coordinating tasks in order to involve the appropriate people at the appropriate moment.
The ability to integrate and link analytics to business workflow solutions and processes is provided by this feature.
Reduced time to decision due to the fact that data is accessed without any latency.
It assists you in increasing productivity among employees by providing access to data for immediate decisions.
Share and change Cognos BI content using well-known apps and interfaces is made possible by this feature.
It works with the industry’s leading relational database management system (RDBMS) to persist data relevant to content management and reporting.
Productivity gains are achieved by proactive measures such as real-time notifications and workflow.
Business intelligence should be made available to the general public.

Cognos has a number of disadvantages.

The following are some of the disadvantages of utilising Cognos.

In addition, Cognos Bi has not been well-received in departmental and divisional deployments.
A multi-dimensional analysis is not supported at this time.


  • Web-based reporting and analytics application, Cognos BI from IBM, is available for purchase. Alan Rushforth and Peter Glenister established Cognos Analytics Software in 1969 as a business intelligence tool.
  • Real-time events, alerts, and notifications are available in Cognos BI.
  • It is possible to access Cognos 10 and studios using a web portal known as Cognos connection (also known as Cognos connection).
  • Users can design own dashboards utilising any object in Cognos Business Insight, which is a powerful feature.
  • Cognos Analysis Studio assists business users in obtaining quick responses to business-related questions.
    Your organization’s reports can be created in pixel-perfect detail using the reporting studio.
  • Cognos event studio enables you to attach a certain event to a specific stakeholder in your organisation, which will then send them a notification.
  • A scorecard environment, created with Cognos Metric Studio, lets you to monitor and evaluate the business metrics of your organisation for better decision-making.
  • The following are examples of Cognos tools: 1) Content store 2) Webmaster/Content Manager 3) Content management system.
  • Business Objects, Microsoft – SSRS/SSIS/SSAS, MicroStrategy, OBIEE, QlikView, and SAS are some of the other significant BI providers.
  • The most significant advantage of Cognos BI is that it provides a single architecture for a variety of BI features such as query and reporting, analysis, and score carding, among others.